Are Christianity and Science at War?

Tiempo de lectura: 11 min

I’m guessing God is totally cool with science.

Every time I see an amazing sunset, or the clockwork ebb and flow of a beach, or the birth of new life, I am thoroughly convinced that God, the Creator, exists. Because each of these visuals is simply mind-blowing in their intricate precision and beauty. God spoke, says the Bible, and creation appeared. Skeptics have a hard time with this. One, in fact, asked, If that’s true, why doesn’t God write ‘Jesus Saves’ on the moon? 

One major area of life that creates intense conflict is the debate between science and religion. Thanks largely to the media, many of us believe that science and religion are at war. The belief that Christianity is seemingly opposed to modern science is, in fact, one of the top reasons young people cite for leaving the Church. But is this idea accurate? Where did it come from? Cornell University President Andrew Dickson White, back in the late 1890s, is largely credited with inventing and propagating the idea that science and religion are adversaries in the search for truth. In his book A History of the Warfare of Science With Theology in Christendom, White cast Christians as fanatics who clung to scriptural claims that the earth was flat. Interestingly, White later admitted that he wrote the book simply to get even with Christians critical of his plans for Cornell.


Science vs. God?

Today’s reality: many scientists refute the claim that science is the enemy of God. A study from 2014, for example, highlighted in an article by Christianity Today magazine, found 2 million U.S. scientists self-identify as evangelical Christians. If you were to bring all these scientists together, adds the article, they could populate the city of Houston, Texas.

Most scientific pioneers, including Isaac Newton (1642-1727), Louis Pasteur (1822-1895), Francis Bacon (1561-1626), and Max Planck (1858-1947), intently pursued science because of their belief in God. Certainly, some Christians resist science. God, they say, created the world in six days, and to say otherwise is downright blasphemous.

But the real conflict isn’t between theism and science. It’s between science and naturalism, which says that the world is the product of a blind, purposeless, unguided process.

Compelling Explanation

No one really believes an unguided process took place, because the opposite is clearly on display every moment. Our world is intricately intertwined. And discoveries in astronomy and physics have shown, beyond a reasonable doubt, that our universe had a definite beginning. Today’s scientists admit that this beginning logically points to a Beginner.

The laws of physics that govern the universe are exquisitely fine-tuned for the emergence and sustenance of human life. The slightest changes in any number of physical constants would make our universe inhospitable. The most compelling and reliable explanation for why the universe is so precisely fine-tuned is that an Intelligent Mind made it that way. The vast amount of information (including DNA) contained in living organisms points to an Information Giver.

But just as creationists refuse to believe the earth is millions of years old, many scientists refuse to acknowledge the possibility of God as the source of creation. Writer Matthew Tingblad, in his blog post on the topic of science and God, mentions Richard Lewontin, a renowned geneticist and evolutionary biologist who “admitted that some things they propose about evolution is absurd, but he said we must accept these absurdities, because ‘we cannot allow a Divine Foot in the door.'” Adds Tingblad, “David Berlinski, who is a secular philosopher, defended the theists on this one, saying, ‘If one is obliged to accept absurdities for fear of a Divine Foot, imagine what prodigies of effort would be required were the rest of the Divine Torso found wedged at the door… demanding to be let in?’”

We “cannot allow” sounds like fighting words, for sure. But just as it was the case for Josh, having an open mind allows the truth to take hold. Atheist-turned-believer Lee Strobels view? “An intelligent entity has quite literally spelled out His existence through the four chemical letters in the genetic code. It’s almost as if the Creator autographed every cell.” While God has not provided exhaustive knowledge of His existence, He has given sufficient knowledge for those with an open mind and heart. Ask any person who has witnessed or received a miracle if God exists, and you’ll hear a resounding, “Yes!”

Using Our Brains to Reason

We all recognize that our belief and unbelief have more to do with psychology than with rational argument. Jesus tells us to love God with our full heart, soul, strength and mind (Mark 12:30). So, clearly, Jesus wanted people to reason the truth of His claims, in order that they might fully commit to seeking after Him. When Jesus and the apostles called upon a person to exercise faith, it was not a “blind faith,” but an intellectual faith, based on Jesus’ track record of performing incredible miracles. You and I can believe, with unwavering faith, both because of Jesus’ historically confirmed actions and God’s “Divine footprint” all around us.

Says David Horner, a professor of philosophy, “Faith and reason are friends and partners. They go together. They need each other and cannot flourish or even survive apart. … Trusting and committing yourself to what you have good reason to think is true and trustworthy, in those cases when doing so is appropriate or unavoidable, is the most reasonable thing you can do.”

Adds Berlinski: Has anyone provided a proof of God’s inexistence? Not even close. Have the sciences explained why our universe seems to be fine-tuned to allow for the existence of life? Not even close. Does anything in the sciences or in their philosophy justify the claim that religious belief is irrational? Not even ballpark.

I fully believe that God is more than okay with our scientific exploration and advances, because the more we learn, the more the minute complexities of life shout, “Purposeful, guided, meaningful process!” I like how author and biology professor Kenneth Miller puts it: “Those who ask from science a final argument, an ultimate proof, an unassailable position from which the issue of God may be decided will always be disappointed. As a scientist I claim no new proofs, no revolutionary data, no stunning insight into nature that can tip the balance in one direction or another. But I do claim that to a believer, even in the most traditional sense, evolutionary biology is not at all the obstacle we often believe it to be. In many respects, evolution is the key to understanding our relationship with God.”

Silver Bullet Argument?

That said, it’s so easy in our post-modern world to be persuaded to believe that God is a myth. A wealth of misinformation is available with a few clicks; a person looking for information that questions the truth of Christianity will easily find it. Take Darwin’s ideas on evolution, for example. If we listen to the media, atheists, and some scientists, Darwin’s theory is a proven deal. Really? No. Many of Darwin’s assertions have long been recognized by the modern scientific community as being completely wrong — yet school textbooks and other sources continue to position them as “truth.” The scientific community is fully committed to it, and typically views in lower regard scientists who have no problem seeing the compatibility of science and the sacred.

Why? Because God, as creator, originator, and life-giver, is preposterous to those who refuse to acknowledge God.

Says Miller, in his book Finding Darwin’s God: A Scientist’s Search for Common Ground Between God and Evolution, “Evolution displaced the Creator from His central position as the primary explanation for every aspect of the living world. In so doing, Darwin lent intellectual aid and comfort to anti-religionists everywhere.”

Adds Rodney Stark, distinguished professor of the social sciences at Baylor University: “From Thomas Hobbes through Carl Sagan and Richard Dawkins, false claims about religion and science have been used as weapons in the battle to ‘free’ the human mind from the ‘fetters of faith.’ … I argue that not only is there no inherit conflict between religion and science, but that Christian theology was essential for the rise of science.”

Unfortunately, there’s no silver bullet argument that proves Christianity; there’s no single argument that can force a person to believe. But if we can’t offer “undeniable” evidence that God exists — especially to people who have been taught repeatedly that only science can prove truth — should we take the time to tell them about Jesus?

To not tell people about Jesus, when our gratitude for His sacrifice and daily love should be off the charts, is to live inauthentically and without true compassion for people. “But I don’t want to start an argument,” you might say. “Or it’s just too hard to bring up religion, with everyone saying don’t talk it these days.” The easy way around “talking” about religion? Live as a committed Christian. If you walk the walk, eventually you’ll be given opportunities to talk about Jesus.

Who knows? God may have been working on a person’s heart for a while, and *now* is the moment  that God has picked you to start a conversation about Christ. You simply have to be willing to gently nudge the door, when you sense God opening it.

Says Benjamin Warfield, “We are not absurdly arguing that apologetics has in itself the power to make a man a Christian or to conquer the world to Christ. Only the Spirit of Life can communicate life to a dead soul, or can convict the world in respect of sin, and righteousness, and of judgment. … But we are arguing that faith is, in all is exercises alike, a form of conviction, and is, therefore, necessarily ground in evidence.”

The Gift for All Mankind

Real faith requires trust. Trust with God requires relationship. Relationship with God starts with our agreeing that we need Him. Though some churches make people jump through hoops to be “good enough” to join the club, all that God requires of us is a humbled heart. Even when we mess up our walk with more sin. He is quick to forgive when we ask. That, to me, is the most amazing thing about God’s grace: He offers it freely, to every single person. We just have to accept it. #Godspromise

Notes Christian writer Max Lucado, in his book The Gift for All People, asks, “To whom does God offer his gift? To the brightest? The most beautiful or the most charming? No. His gift is for all of us — beggars and bankers, clergy and clerks, judges and janitors. All God’s children. And he wants us so badly, He’ll take us in any condition — ‘as is’ reads the tag on our collars.”

God chose you and me not because He needs us, but because He wants us. Let us, then, be boldly gentle in sharing our love for Him with others — without worry of having the exact “right” words to say, or the exact “right” scientific facts. Don’t get into heated arguments about evolution, creationism, or carbon dating, by remembering this:

Science now has answers for many “how” questions — but it just can’t answer the “why” questions: What is the meaning of life? What’s important? What’s true? Why am I here?  We who know Christ know the answers! Bone up on your knowledge of scientific advances, friend, for sure, so you can have thoughtful, humble conversations with those who believe science disproves the existence of God. But also bone up on your Bible reading and prayer. Get your witness on, Apologist!


Evidence book cover Apologists

This blog post highlights Josh and Sean McDowell’s recently revised apologetics classic, Evidence That Demands a Verdict. We are certain this fully updated and expanded resource will be an effective evangelism tool for you, and strengthen your faith by answering the toughest questions tossed to you by skeptics. Know what you know, because it’s true. But share this truth with LOVE!


Propaga el amor de Dios

Propaga el amor de Dios